Things You Need To Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases


STD stands for sexually transmitted disease, which is an infection that is spread through sexual contact. Examples of STDs include HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and herpes. It is important to practice safe sex and get tested regularly to prevent the spread of STDs. 


Symptoms of STDs can vary depending on the specific infection. Some common symptoms include: 

  • Painful or burning sensation during urination 
  • Discharge from the genitals 
  • Sores, blisters, or rashes on or around the genitals or anus 
  • Itching or irritation in the genital area 
  • Pain or discomfort during intercourse 
  • Flu-like symptoms, such as fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes 

However, it’s important to note that many STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, often have no symptoms at all. That’s why it’s important to get tested regularly and practice safe sex. 


STDs are caused by a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Some common causes of STDs include: 

  • Bacteria 

Gonorrhea and chlamydia are caused by bacteria. 

  • Viruses 

HIV, herpes, and human papillomavirus (HPV) are caused by viruses. 

  • Parasites 

Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite. 

STDs are primarily spread through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex. They can also be spread through non-sexual means, such as sharing needles or from mother to baby during childbirth or breastfeeding. 

It is important to practice safe sex and get tested regularly to prevent the spread of STDs. Using condoms, limiting the number of sexual partners and getting vaccinated against certain STDs such as HPV can also help to reduce the risk of contracting an STD. 


There are many different types of STDs, and some of the most common include: 

  • Chlamydia 

A bacterial infection that is often asymptomatic but can cause pain during urination, discharge, and bleeding between periods. 


  • Gonorrhea 

A bacterial infection that is also often asymptomatic but can cause similar symptoms to chlamydia, as well as a sore throat or joint pain if the infection spreads to other parts of the body. 

  • Syphilis 

A bacterial infection that can cause sores, rashes, and other symptoms in the early stages, and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. 

  • Herpes 

A viral infection that causes sores around the genitals or mouth. 

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) 

A viral infection that can cause warts and can lead to certain types of cancer. 

  • HIV 

A viral infection that attacks the immune system and can lead to AIDS if left untreated. 

  • Trichomoniasis 

A parasitic infection that can cause itching, discharge, and pain during urination in both men and women. 

It’s important to note that some STDs can have serious long-term health consequences if left untreated. Therefore, it’s important to practice safe sex and get tested regularly for STDs. 


The treatment of STDs depends on the specific infection. Some common treatments include: 

  • Antibiotics 

Bacterial STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, are typically treated with antibiotics. These can be taken as pills or as injections. 

  • Antiviral medications 

Viral STDs, such as herpes and HIV, are treated with antiviral medications. These can help to reduce the severity and frequency of outbreaks and slow the progression of the disease. 

  • Surgery 

Certain STDs, such as genital warts caused by HPV, can be treated with surgery to remove the affected tissue. 

  • Topical creams 

Some STDs like HPV and herpes can be treated with topical creams. 

It’s important to take the full course of medication as prescribed by the doctor, even if symptoms disappear before the medication is finished. It’s also important to avoid sexual contact during treatment to prevent the spread of the infection. 


It’s important to get regular checkups and screenings to detect any STDs, and to practice safe sex to reduce the risk of contracting an STD. 


Sexually transmitted diseases have far become increasing in this particular time. If you experience any related symptom, it is best to ask your friendly doctors for expert medical advice. Here at EVA Teleconsult, we are always ready to help and listen to your concerns. Our patients are always guaranteed with all of these:  

  •         Timely appointments – No more time wasted while waiting outside a doctor’s office. With us, appointments begin right when they’re supposed to, even if they’re made on the same day.


  •        Guaranteed 30-minute consultation times – No rushing or quickly dashing off prescriptions with no explanations. Our doctors take the time needed to give you information about your concerns and are open to answering all your questions.


  •         5-star ratings for our doctors – Because our doctors know how to explain things in a way patients can understand, we frequently get positive feedback from them.


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