Rashes in Children

Rashes are a common problem among children, causing discomfort and worry for parents. They can be caused by a variety of factors, such as infections, allergies, and skin irritation.  

Infectious causes of rashes include: 


1.Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that causes a rash along with other symptoms such as fever, runny nose, and cough. The rash usually starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body, becoming more intense as it spreads. The measles vaccine is the best way to protect children from the virus and is usually given as part of a routine vaccination schedule. 


2. Dengue fever is a viral infection spread by mosquitoes that is prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions, including the Philippines. It causes a high fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, and a rash that usually appears 3 to 5 days after the fever starts. Dengue can be serious, especially in young children, and it is important to seek medical advice if your child has any symptoms. Preventing mosquito bites is the best way to avoid dengue fever.


3.Scabies is a skin infection caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin and cause a rash and intense itching. It can be spread through close contact with infected people or by sharing bedding, towels, and clothing. Scabies can be treated with a medicated cream or lotion, and it’s important to wash all bedding, clothing, and towels in hot water to prevent reinfection. 


4.Chickenpox is a viral infection that causes a rash in children and is highly contagious. The rash starts as red bumps that turn into fluid-filled blisters, which then dry and form a crust. The chickenpox vaccine is the best way to prevent the spread of the virus, and children who have had chickenpox are typically immune for life. 

5.Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria that can cause a rash with blisters or scabs. It’s most common in young children and can be spread through close contact with infected people or by sharing towels and other personal items. Impetigo can be treated with antibiotics to clear up the infection and prevent it from spreading. 



Non infectious causes of rashes include: 

  1. Eczema is a skin condition that causes itchy, red, and dry patches to form on the skin. It’s a common condition in children and can be hereditary. While there is no cure for eczema, it can be treated with creams, ointments, and anti-itch medications to relieve symptoms and prevent flare-ups.
  2. Heat rash, also known as prickly heat, is a skin irritation that occurs when sweat ducts become clogged and the sweat cannot evaporate. It’s most common in hot, humid weather and can cause a rash that appears as red bumps on the skin. To prevent heat rash, it’s important to keep children cool and dry, especially during hot weather.

3.Insect bites can cause a red, itchy rash in children. The severity of the rash can vary depending on the type of insect and the child’s individual reaction to the bite. Anti-itch creams and antihistamines can be used to relieve symptoms, and it’s important to protect children from further bites by using insect repellent and wearing long sleeves and pants when outdoors. 

As a parent, seeing your child develop a rash can be concerning and even scary. While many rashes are harmless and resolve on their own, some can be a sign of a more serious condition that requires medical attention. It is important to pay attention to its duration, location, appearance, and accompanying symptoms. If you are concerned about your child’s rash, , it is best to seek medical attention 


To prevent and treat rashes, it’s important to understand their causes and recognize symptoms that will lead to severe disease. Regular vaccination and  handwashing help prevent some of the most common types of rashes in children.  

About The Author

Dr. Coco is a highly-educated and well-qualified primary care physician who graduated from the University of the Philippines Baguio with a Bachelor of Science in Biology and her Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center. She completed her three-year residency training in Family Medicine at Brokenshire Medical Center. She passed her diplomate exams in Family Medicine, given by the Philippine Academy of Family Physicians in 2018. 


Dr. Coco is dedicated to providing comprehensive and holistic care for her patients. She is a primary care physician who believes in delivering continuing comprehensive health care for all. To her, patients are not just a number as she takes time to analyse how she can improve their overall health every chance they can get. 

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