How to Stay Prepared and Safe During an Earthquake

Earthquakes are natural disasters that occur suddenly and without warning. They can cause significant damage to property, injuries, and even loss of life. The best way to reduce the risk of injury and damage during an earthquake is to be prepared. This article will provide you with valuable information on how to stay safe during an earthquake. 

Identifying Safe Areas

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When an earthquake occurs, your immediate reaction should be to find a safe place. Look for sturdy furniture, like a table or desk, that can provide you with shelter from falling objects. Avoid standing near windows, mirrors, or anything that can break and cause injuries. 


If you are outdoors, move away from buildings, trees, and power lines. Find an open space, like a park or a field, and wait for the shaking to stop. 

If you are driving, pull over to the side of the road as quickly as possible. Stay inside your vehicle until the shaking stops. Avoid parking near bridges, overpasses, or power lines. 

nt. Self-diagnosis can lead to people focusing on the wrong treatment or not seeking treatment at all, leading to a delay in proper care. 


Creating an Emergency Kit

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It is essential to have an emergency kit prepared at all times. The kit should contain essential items like water, non-perishable food, first-aid supplies, a flashlight, and a radio. It is also important to keep a pair of sturdy shoes and warm clothes handy in case you need to evacuate your home. 

Other items to consider adding to your emergency kit include: 

  • A whistle: You can use this to signal for help if you are trapped or in need of assistance. 
  • Dust masks: These can help protect you from inhaling dust, debris, or other pollutants. 
  • Prescription medication: If you or a family member requires medication, make sure to include it in your emergency kit. 
  • Cash: In case power outages affect electronic transactions, it’s good to have cash available. 
  • A multi-purpose tool: This can come in handy for minor repairs, cutting rope, or opening cans. 

ay delay seeking proper medical treatment. Self-diagnosis can lead to people focusing on the wrong treatment or not seeking treatment at all, leading to a delay in proper care. 


Practicing Earthquake Drills

Practice makes perfect. Conduct regular earthquake drills with your family or colleagues to ensure everyone knows what to do during an earthquake. This practice can help you be better prepared and react quickly in case of a real emergency. 

During an earthquake drill, practice the following:

  • Drop, cover, and hold: This is the most important safety measure. Drop to the ground, take cover under a sturdy table or desk, and hold on until the shaking stops. 
  • Evacuation: If you are in a multi-story building, identify the nearest exit and evacuation route. Use the stairs, not the elevator. 
  • Communication: Establish a communication plan with your family or colleagues. Agree on a meeting place after an earthquake in case you get separated. 

Securing Heavy Items

Heavy items like furniture, appliances, or hanging pictures can fall and cause injury or damage during an earthquake. Secure these items to the wall or floor using brackets, straps, or other fasteners. 

If you have a water heater, it’s crucial to strap it to the wall to prevent it from tipping over and causing a gas leak or electrical fire. Check with a licensed plumber to determine the right type of strap to use for your water heater. 

Staying Informed

It is crucial to stay informed during an earthquake. Listen to the news, follow social media updates, or use earthquake monitoring apps to keep updated on the situation. This will help you make informed decisions about your safety and the safety of those around you. 

Here are some tips on how to stay informed during an earthquake: 


  • Listen to the news: Local radio and TV stations can provide you with up-to-date information on the situation in your area. 
  • Follow social media updates: Many government agencies and emergency services post updates on their social media channels during an emergency. 
  • Use Earthquake Monitoring Apps 
  • Earthquake monitoring apps can alert you when an earthquake is occurring in your area. Some popular apps include Earthquake Alerts, QuakeFeed, and MyShake. 
  • It’s essential to have multiple sources of information during an emergency. Make sure you have a battery-powered or hand-cranked radio to stay informed in case of a power outage. 

What to Do After an Earthquake 

After an earthquake, it’s essential to stay calm and assess your surroundings. If you are in a damaged building, exit it immediately. If you smell gas, leave the area and call your gas company or fire department. 

Here are some essential steps to follow after an earthquake: 


  • Check yourself for injuries and help others if possible. 
  • Check for damages to your property. If you suspect gas or water leaks, shut off the main valves. 
  • If you are in a multi-story building, avoid using the elevator. Use the stairs instead. 
  • If you are trapped, use your phone to call for help or signal with a whistle or flashlight. 
  • If you are near the coast, be aware of the risk of tsunamis. Move to higher ground if necessary. 

Earthquakes are unpredictable, but preparing for them is essential. Following the tips outlined in this article can help reduce the risk of injury and damage during an earthquake. Remember, staying informed and practicing earthquake drills can save lives. Stay safe and be prepared for any emergency that may come your way. 

About The Author

Dr. Krisca is a highly-educated and skilled physician who has obtained a BS Public Health degree from the University of the Philippines Manila and a Doctor of Medicine degree from the De La Salle Medical Health Sciences Institute. She is a licensed physician and also a Registered Medical Technologist. She has received additional training in Hemodialysis for Non-Nephro Physicians on duty and has completed online courses in related fields like depression in populations from John Hopkins University and positive psychiatry from The University of Sydney. Currently, she is pursuing a Master of International Health in the University of the Philippines. 


Dr. Krisca is known for her outstanding skills and compassionate approach to healthcare that make a positive impact on people’s lives. Through her passion for healthcare, she hopes to make a difference in the world and help people lead healthier, happier lives. 

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