Battling Antibiotic Misuse

Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed medications in the world, used to treat a range of bacterial infections. Despite their widespread use, the misuse of antibiotics is a growing problem that has significant health, social and economic consequences. The overuse of antibiotics leads to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which in turn, makes it increasingly difficult to treat infections.  


The dangers of antibiotic abuse are significant. When antibiotics are overused, bacteria can develop resistance to them, making it more difficult to treat infections in the future. This means that antibiotics that once worked effectively may no longer be effective, leading to longer illnesses, more hospitalizations, and even death. The overuse of antibiotics also contributes to the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which can be transmitted from person to person and can cause outbreaks of resistant infections in hospitals, nursing homes, and other healthcare facilities. 


Another important reason to avoid antibiotic abuse is that antibiotics can cause serious side effects, especially if taken inappropriately or without a prescription. Some of the most common side effects of antibiotics include diarrhea, nausea, and skin rashes. In some cases, antibiotics can also cause more serious side effects, such as kidney damage, liver damage, or anaphylaxis, which is a severe allergic reaction 

The consequences of antibiotic misuse are far-reaching and alarming. The development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has become a major public health concern, as it makes it more difficult to treat infections. In some cases, it can even lead to the development of superbugs, which are bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. This means that there are fewer treatment options available, and infections can become much more severe. 


The misuse of antibiotics also has significant economic impacts. The cost of treating infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria is much higher than the cost of treating infections caused by susceptible bacteria. This, in turn, places a significant strain on healthcare systems and the economy as a whole. 

Antibiotic abuse or misuse is a growing problem in the Philippines, with serious consequences for public health. 


One of the main causes of antibiotic abuse or misuse in the Philippines is the lack of access to adequate healthcare. Many Filipinos lack access to quality healthcare, including preventive services and vaccines. This makes them more vulnerable to infections, and as a result, they often seek antibiotics as a quick and easy solution. In addition, the availability of antibiotics without a prescription contributes to the overuse of antibiotics, as patients can easily self-medicate without proper guidance from a healthcare provider. 


Another reason for antibiotic abuse or misuse in the Philippines is the culture of seeking a cure for every illness. Many Filipinos believe that antibiotics can cure all illnesses, even those that are caused by viruses. This leads to the overuse of antibiotics, even when they are not necessary, and contributes to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. 

So, what can we do to avoid the misuse of antibiotics and minimize their negative impact? Here are some tips: 

  1. Be informed: It is important to understand that antibiotics are only effective against bacterial infections and not viruses. Before requesting an antibiotic, educate yourself about your illness and the possible causes. 
  2. Consult with your healthcare provider: If you are prescribed an antibiotic, make sure you understand why it is necessary and how to use it correctly. If you have concerns, don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for clarification. 
  3. Use antibiotics judiciously: If you are prescribed an antibiotic, follow your healthcare provider’s instructions carefully and complete the entire course of treatment, even if you start to feel better before you finish. 
  4. Avoid using antibiotics unnecessarily: Antibiotics should not be used as a preventive measure or for minor illnesses that can be treated with other remedies. 


The overuse and misuse of antibiotics is a growing problem that has serious consequences for public health. To minimize the negative impact of antibiotics, it is important to be informed, consult with your healthcare provider, use antibiotics judiciously, avoid using antibiotics unnecessarily. By taking these steps, we can help to ensure that antibiotics remain effective for future generations and preserve the health of our communities and the environment. 

About The Author

Dr. Coco is a highly-educated and well-qualified primary care physician who graduated from the University of the Philippines Baguio with a Bachelor of Science in Biology and her Doctor of Medicine degree from the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center. She completed her three-year residency training in Family Medicine at Brokenshire Medical Center. She passed her diplomate exams in Family Medicine, given by the Philippine Academy of Family Physicians in 2018. 


Dr. Coco is dedicated to providing comprehensive and holistic care for her patients. She is a primary care physician who believes in delivering continuing comprehensive health care for all. To her, patients are not just a number as she takes time to analyse how she can improve their overall health every chance they can get. 

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